Shimoga is the main city of Shimoga district in the state of Karnataka. The name ‘Shimoga’ is derived from the term ‘Shiva-Mukha’, meaning, ‘Face of Shiva’. Locally, it is called Shiva-Mogga. This place is famous for its landscapes, waterfalls and paddy fields. Shimoga district is popularly known as the ‘Rice Bowl’ of Karnataka..
The city is located 273 km southwest of Bangalore. It is bound by the districts of Davanagere to the east, Chikmagalur to the southeast, Udupi to the southwest, Haveri to the northeast, and North Canara (Uttara Kannada) to the northwest. The main rivers of Shimoga are Sharavathi, Varada, Tungabhadra and Kumudavathi, which play a main role in the production of paddy in this region.
Shimoga was formed during the advent of Emperor Ashoka, in the third century BC. It was ruled by the great Indian dynasties of the Chalukyas, Gangas, Kadambas, Rashtrakutas, Hoysals, Keladi Nayakas, Vijayanagar Kings and Mysore Maharajas. The city was a part of the Mysore kingdom from the late 17th century until the Independence of India in 1947.
The climate of Shimoga is tropical wet and dry. Rainfall occurs between June and early October. The hills of Shimoga are part of the Western Ghats, a place known for rainfall and greenery. Shimoga is also called the land of hills.
Jog Falls, one of the highest waterfalls in India is a major attraction of Shimoga. Originating from the Sharavathi River, it falls from a height of 253 meters (829 ft). The alternative name of Jog Falls is ‘Gerusoppe’ and Gersoppa Falls.
Agumba is known for its sunset view and heavy rainfall. Tourists come here during summer and winter season to see sunset. Kodachadri, the highest peak of Shimoga district and120 km from the place, is a hill station consisting of the Western Ghats.
Keladi, the first capital of the Keladi Nayakas, is popular for a group of temples that display ancient architecture styles namely Kadamba, Hoysala and Dravida. The Museum in Keladi maintains a collection of palm leaves, copper inscriptions and coins from the Nayaka era.
Besides these places, other tourist spots are Tunga, Linganmakki Dams, and Shivappa Naik Palace. The Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary, Gudavi bird sanctuaries, Tyarekoppa Lion Safari and Sakrebayalu Elephant Camp offer options of seeing wildlife and different bird species. Shimoga holiday packages is another option to explore the scenic destination.
The nearest airport to the city is Mangalore, at a distance of 140 km from Shimoga. Taxi services are available from the airport to reach Shimoga. The city has a railway station and is connected to various Indian cities. The best time to visit Shimoga is between the months of October and March.